1-Hexene is a clear, colorless, flammable liquid with a pungent unpleasant odor. 1-Hexene is an alpha-olefin with higher reactivity and thus useful chemical properties. 1-hexene is one of commercially important linear alpha olefins.
There are a number of routes to make 1-hexene:
Oligomerization of ethylene. Almost of these processes produce 1-hexene as a part of a wide distribution of alpha-olefins. 1-hexene content in the reaction mixture ranges from about 20% to about 12% of distribution. One process, the Phillips ethylene trimerization process, produces only 1-hexene.
Fischer-Tropsch synthesis followed by purification.
thermal cracking of crude oil;
The main application of 1-hexene is for manufacturing of polyethylene as a comonomer. High density polyethylene (HDPE) and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) contain approximately 2-4% and 8-10% of comonomers, respectively.
for production of linear aldehyde oxosynthesis (hydroformylation), which is used to make the short-chain fatty acid heptanoic acid or linear alcohols for plasticizer application by hydrogenation of the aldehyde.