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allyl chloride

Product name allyl chloride
Synonyms 3-chloro-1-propene
3-chloropropylene
3-chloropropene
GOST no data
CAS 107-05-1

Allyl chloride is a colorless flammable liquid with a pungent odor. It is soluble in diethyl ether, acetone, ethanole, benzene, toluene and other organic solvents. Almost insoluble in water, but forms azeotrope with it (bp 43.0°C, 97.8% of allyl chloride by mass). Its reactivity on double bond is similar to that for other alkenes. It can be polymerized to form homopolymers or co-polymers which are used in the production of coatings, adhesives and elastomers. Chlorine atom in allyl chloride is very labile due to stabilising influence of allyl group. Chlorine can be easily substituted with hydroxy, amino, ether, or ester group. Allyl chloride is toxic and affects the lungs, kidneys, and liver by ingestion and inhalation.

Production.

Industrially allyl chloride is produced by direct chlorination of propylene at 500°C with propylene:chlorine ratio 5:1.

Uses.

  • as an intermediate in making epichlorohydrin, glycerol, allyl alcohol;
  • to produce epoxy resins, coatings, adhesives, elastomers, ion exchange resins and thermosetting resins;
  • in preparation of allyl esters and ethers, which are used as fragnances, flavours in perfumery and food industry;
  • as an agent for allyl group introduction to make allyl amine, allyl sucrose, pharmaceuticals, pesticides and other chemicals;

  • Manufacturer(s) JSC Kaustik
    Chemical structure of allyl chloride

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