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chloroacetic acid technical grade

Product name chloroacetic acid technical grade
Synonyms monochloroacetic acid
GOST no data
CAS 79-11-8

Cloroacetic acid (monochloroacetic acid, monochloroethanoic acid) is colorless hygroscopic crystalline compound. It is soluble in water, acetone, benzene.


There two main industrial methods are used to produce chloroacetic acid.

  • Direct chlorination of acetic acid at 100-150°C (catalysts: P, S, or acetyc anhydride);
  • Acid dehydration of 1,1,2-trichloroethylene with 90-93% H2SO4 at 160-180°C;


    Monochloroacetic acid is an important intermediate in synthesis of various chemical products:

  • Interaction of ClCH2COOH with PCl3 results in chloroacetyl chloride ClCH2C(O)Cl which is an intermediate product in drugs synthesis;
  • Reaction of chloroacetic acid with 1,2-diaminoethane yeilds to ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA);
  • Interaction of ClCH2COOH with aniline is used in chemical industry to make indigo dyes;
  • Being treated with NH3 or methylamine chloroacetic acid gives glycine or sarcosine respectively;
  • Reaction of ClCH2COOH with alkali cellulose results in carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC);
  • It is used in synthesis of cyanoacetic acid, malonates, barbituric acid;

  • Manufacturer(s) JSC Ufachemprom
    Chemical structure of chloroacetic acid

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