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chloroethane

Product name chloroethane
Synonyms ethyl chloride
GOST 2769-92
CAS 75-00-3

Ethyl chloride is a flammable colorless gas with a pungent, ether order. It is slightly soluble in water and miscible in alcohol, ether most organic solvents.

Production.

  • Ethyl chloride is produced by reacting ethylene and hydrogen chloride over an aluminium chloride catalyst at temperature -10°C;

    H2C=CH2 + HCl --> H3C-CH2Cl

  • by ethane chlorination in gaseous phase;

    Uses.

  • to produce tetraethyl lead (TEL), an anti-knock additive for gasoline. But due to growing awareness of air pollution, TEL has been or is being phased out in most of the industrialized world;
  • to make ethylcellulose and organosilicon compounds;
  • as a solvent for phosphorus, sulfur, fats, oils, resins, waxes;
  • as a local anesthetic in medicine and dentistry;
  • as an intermediate in organic synthesis;
  • as a refrigerant and aerosol spray propellant;

  • Manufacturer(s) JSC B.P. Konstantinov Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Plant
    JSC Caprolactam
    JSC Kaustik
    Chemical structure of ethyl chloride

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