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chloroform

Product name chloroform
Synonyms trichloromethane
GOST 20015-88
CAS 67-66-3

Chloroform is clear colorless volatilie liquid with sweet smell. It is miscible with most organic solvents. Chloroform is practically insoluble in water, but forms azeotropic mixture with it. Upon exposure to light and oxygen from air it is slowly broken down to phosgene, hydrochloric acid, and chlorine.

Production.

Chloroform is produced jointly with methylene chloride by direct chlorination of methane in vapour phase at 510-520°C and proportion of methane to chlorine 4-5:1.

Uses.

  • as a major raw material in the production of plastics;
  • as an industrial solvent for lacquers, resins, rubber, fats, greases, gums, waxes, adhesives, oils, and dry cleaning;
  • in manufacture of anesthetics and pharmaceuticals, primary source for chlorodifluoromethane and many other chemical compounds;
  • as a source of dichlorocarbene;

  • Manufacturer(s) JSC B.P. Konstantinov Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Plant
    JSC Khimprom
    Chemical structure of chloroform

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