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epichlorohydrin

Product name epichlorohydrin
Synonyms 1-chloro-2,3-epoxy propane
2-chloromethyl oxirane
3-chloropropyl epoxide
GOST 12844-74
CAS 106-89-8

Epichlorohydrine (3-chloropropyl epoxide; 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane; 2-(chloromethyl)oxirane) is a clear, colorless, reactive and flammable liquid with a pungent, garlic-like odor. It is readily soluble in organic solvents; boundedly soluble in water. Epichlorohydrine easily reacts with HCl at room temperature to give glycerol 1,3-dichlorohydrine. Being treated with bisphenol A it forms epoxy resins. Epichlorohydrine can be polymerized into rubbers.

Production.

  • by dehydrochlorination of glycerol dicholohydrines with Ca(OH)2 in water solution at 100°C;
  • by epoxidation of allyl chloride with organic hydroperoxides (e.g. tert-butyl hydroperoxide) in the presence of molibdenum complexes at 100°C;

    Uses.

  • to make synthetic glycerin and unmodified epoxy resins;
  • for preparation of ion-exchange resins;
  • to make epichlorohydrine rubbers;
  • as a parent compound for a variety of glycidyl derivatives, surfactants, plasticizers, dyestuffs, pharmaceuticals, emulsifiers, lubricants, and adhesives;
  • as an insect fumigant;
  • as a solvent for cellulose, resins, rosins, paints , and pesticide, and as a stabilizer in chlorine-containing substances

  • Manufacturer(s) JSC USOLIEKHIMPROM
    Chemical structure of epichlorohydrin

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