N,N-dimethylethanolamine is a colorless, oily, hygroscopic liquid. It is miscible with water and soluble in alcohols, diethyl ether. Dimethylethanolamine forms azeotrope with water. It is related to choline and is a biochemical precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. It is reported to have nootropic effects, although research on this chemical has found both positive and negative potential results.
Dimethylethanolamine is produced by interaction of excess of dimethylamine with ethylene oxide.
Dimethylethanolamine is applied:
as corrosion inhibitor, epoxy resins hardener, carbamide resins stabilizer, lubrucant for acetate fibers;
to the synthesis of dyestuffs, textile auxiliaries, ion-exchange and alkyd resins, emulsifiers and bioactive compounds;
as a raw material in preparation of aminoacrylates;
in pharmaceuticals synthesis (dimedrol, pentocain, procaine);
to produce complexing agents (pentamethyldiethylenetriamine), paint removers;
in pharmaceutics (Deanol) as an antidepressive or antidyskinesia agent to treat movement disorders;
as a curing agent for polyurethanes and epoxy resins;