3-Nitroaniline is a yellow crystalline solid. It is readily soluble in hot water, ethanol, diethyl ether, benzene, acetone, chloroform, but has a low solubility in cold water.
3-Nitroaniline is produced by reduction of m-dinitrobenzene with sodium polysulfide on heating in the presence of cast-iron swarf.
3-Nitroaniline is applied:
as diazo component to produce insoluble azo dyes directly on textile fibers (Azoamine fast orange r);
in preparation of dyes, pigments, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals;